Daniel Levitin's Musical Mind

Levitin’s lifelong love of music has served him in recordings and on the page.

About Daniel Levitin

Dr. Daniel Levitin earned his B.A. in Cognitive Psychology and Cognitive Science at Stanford University and went on to earn his Ph.D. in Psychology from the University of Oregon, researching complex auditory patterns and pattern processing in expert and non-expert populations.

He completed post-doctoral training at Stanford University Medical School (in Neuroimaging) and at UC Berkeley (in Cognitive Psychology). He has consulted on audio sound source separation for the U.S. Navy, and on audio quality for several rock bands and record labels (including the Grateful Dead and Steely Dan), and served as one of the “Golden Ears” expert listeners in the original Dolby AC3 compression tests. He worked for two years at the Silicon Valley think tank Interval Research Corporation.

He taught at Stanford University in the Department of Computer Science, the Program in Human-Computer Interaction, and the Departments of PsychologyAnthropologyComputer Music, and History of Science. Currently, he is a James McGill Professor of PsychologyBehavioural Neuroscience, and Music at McGill University (Montreal, Quebec), and Dean of Arts and Humanities at the Minerva Schools at KGI.

He is the author of the #1 best-seller This Is Your Brain On Music(Dutton/Penguin, 2006), which was published in nineteen languages and spent more than one year on the New York Times Bestseller list. His second book, The World in Six Songs (Dutton/Penguin, 2008) hit the bestseller lists in its first week of release. His newest book is the #1 best-seller The Organized Mind: Thinking Straight in the Age of Information Overload (Dutton/Penguin 2014).

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Transcript

In 1976, Daniel Levitin dropped out of MIT to pursue a life in music. It's worked out pretty well. He transitioned from performing to producing, and, in the process, became insatiably curious about the psychology of music. So he went back to school, got his Bachelor's, Master's, and PhD in psychology, and became a respected college professor and public intellectual, who would publish three consecutive New York Times bestsellers. All the while, Levitin has continued to be profoundly touched by music, and, sometimes, in mysterious ways.

Daniel Levitin: For so many of us, trying to explain feelings is difficult. I find we have an inadequate vocabulary to explain how we're feeling. You're rarely just happy and nothing else. It's happy with a little sense of foreboding. Or it's bittersweet—it's happy and sad. I think that complex mixture of emotions is why we turn to art in general, and why we turn to music, in particular. I put on a Joni Mitchell song, and I go, "Oh yeah, that's how I'm feeling! Thank you, Joni." 

But early on, music served important social functions, among them, acting as an honest signal: evolutionary biology's term for a sign of physical fitness that cannot be faked.

Levitin: In the kinds of ways that music was practiced for tens of thousands of years, it involved a lot of improvisation—singing for hours on end, coupled with dancing. And you couldn't have neurological impairment, or have cognitive defects, or physical defects, to be that musical, in the hunter-gatherer days. 

Levitin says that, these days, it's emotional honesty that sets great musicians apart. And it's his job as a producer to bring it out.

Levitin: Knowing when to push and when to let go is really a big part of the producer's job. The other thing is creating a situation where the artist feels safe. And I learned this very early on. I met with George Martin, when I was just getting started as a producer. It was this extraordinary lesson, just from being with him for an hour at AIR Studios in London. I felt that the two of us were in this bubble, and that nothing could possibly go wrong, as long as he and I were in the room together. I felt this tremendous sense of safety. And I've carried that with me all these years—this was 1981 when we met. But I thought, if I can do that in the studio, in just some small part—allow an artist to feel safe, that this is a safe space, where they can experiment—then something really great can happen.

For Daniel Levitin, all of human experience is wrapped up in music. Our emotions, our culture, even our evolution can be found in our songs.

FOR THE FULL EXPERIENCE, WATCH THE VIDEO AT THE TOP OF THE PAGE.